Zithulele wheelchair basketball team

Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID)

Formerly known as Community Based Rehabilitation, CBID is a person centred and community focused approach.

CBM has a long history and a solid reputation in the Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID). Our CBID work recognises that building strong communities requires a focus on equal access to good quality services (health, education, social and livelihood) and on civic participation aimed at supporting people with disabilities, their families and organisations to have the ability and confidence to fully participate in the social, economic and political life of their communities.

What is Community Based Inclusive Development?

CBID is CBM’s approach to enable Disability Inclusive Development on the ground. It brings change in lives of people with disabilities at community level, working with and through local groups and institutions. It enhances and strengthens earlier work described as Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR).

CBID addresses challenges for persons with disabilities, their families and their organisations, working in situations of poverty, and offers them opportunities to join community based self-help groups and livelihoods activities. CBID particularly promotes the participation and voice of people with disabilities in decision-making processes at the local level. CBID is implemented at individual, community and society levels to ensure services (such as health, education, livelihood and social) are accessible to all persons with disabilities, thus ensuring all people with disabilities can participate in their community life and fully enjoy their rights.

CBID strategy encourages inclusive, resilient, equitable communities where people with disabilities are empowered to exercise their rights, aligning with CBM’s overall vision of an inclusive world. CBID uses ‘bottom-up’ and ‘person-centered’ approaches at community level, using participatory processes to include everyone.

CBID programmes include health, education, livelihood, social and empowerment activities, working closely with local partners, local governments and representative groups of persons with disabilities to bring about change. In high risk areas CBID programmes also include activities around community preparedness and resilience for when disasters and/or conflict strike. CBID encourages more inclusive, responsive and accountable communities.

A CBID supports the implementation the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and other human rights; the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and incorporates learnings from the Sendai Framework for Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction IDRR.

View from above. Damages to southwest of country in Chardonnières

Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction (DiDRR)

Only by working with persons with disabilities, communities can identify what is needed to increase resilience and reduce the risks in any particular context. Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction is needed to ensure that the Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID) approach contributes to sustainable, inclusive and resilient communities that can withstand disasters.

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Core principles and criteria for CBID work

CBM’s CBID work is guided by the principles of the CRPD that can be summarised in a core set of DID standards and six quality criteria, through which CBM and partners can be held accountable.

Key criteria for quality programming

  1. cross-disability, including the different identities that persons with all types of impairment may have e.g. gender, age
  2. multi-sectoral, linked to strengthening delivery from systems, e.g. health, education, livelihoods
  3. CRPD aligned: summarised in five quality standards
  4. community owned and directed
  5. built on the strengths and resources of the communities
  6. twin track, addressing both issues specific to people with disability and related to mainstreaming into local systems

CBID is a programmatic approach to achieve Disability Inclusive Development.